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One of the major causes of the Wars of the Roses was the conflict over the line of royal succession. Both the house of York and the house of Lancaster were descended from Edward III. Richard, duke of York, had a dual claim to the throne, one through his mother and one through his father. Richard believed his royal lineage was stronger than any person of the Lancastrian line and thus he (and his family) deserved to inherit the crown. Finally, in October 1460 it was agreed that after Henry VI's death the succession of the throne would transfer to Richard and his sons. This effectively disinherited Henry's young son Edward.


sons of Edward III (1312-1377)
|
(1st) Edward of Woodstock
(1330-1376)
(2nd) Lionel, d of Clarence
(1338-1368)
(3rd) John of Gaunt, d of Lancaster
(1340-1399)
(4th) Edmund of Langley, d of York
(1342-1402)
(5th) Thomas of Woodstock
(1355-1397)
| | |
Phillipa
(1355-1381)
House of Lancaster |
| |
Roger Mortimor, e of March
(1374-1398)
|
| ——————————————————| |
Edmund Mortimor, e of March
(1391-1425)
Anne Mortimor = m. = Richard, e of Cambridge
(1375-1415)           (1385-1415)
|  
Richard, d of York = m. = Cecily Neville
(1411-1460)          
|  
——————— ———————————————— ———————————————— ——————————
| | | |
Edward IV
(1442-1483)
Edmund, e or Rutland
(1443-1460)
George, d of Clarence
(1449-1478)
Richard III
(1452-1485)
|
——————— ———————————————— ———————
| | |
Edward V
(1470-1483)
Richard, d of York
(1473-1483)
Elizabeth of York = m.
(1466-1503)
= Henry VII
(1457-1509)



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